Frame Drums Across the World

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During festive occasions and street dances, drums are always used as a major accompaniment.
Because of its beating sound, it was used in almost every songs and performances.
Even a long time ago, they already use drums for their religious purposes.
There are different types of drums according to their shapes such as cylindrical, barrel, conga, waist, goblet, or bowl.
A frame drum, the one used in most ethnic music, is considered as a cylindrical type.
Its history can be traced back from ancient Middle East where it was used for festive dances then later used by Native and Latin American.
They used it to connect with one another and with the land and to express unity and harmony, and to celebrate the rhythms of life.
It is a member of percussion family wherein its head width is greater than its depth and is consists of a membrane or drum head which is stretched over a ring that is commonly made of wood.
Some of the ancient people before used an animal skin that they hunted to be used to cover the drums.
There is no bottom part of it and it may come in a variety of sizes.
It is portable, relatively inexpensive, and very versatile.
They can be played in many ways and styles.
Hand style, which is the most complicated among other strokes in playing, requires the player to hold the hoop of the drum in the left hand while using the right hand to slap to create different tones and sounds.
It is the hardest one since you have to memorize all the different types of strokes.
The lap style on the other hand requires the players to rest the drum upright between their lap and one arm.
Stick style is easier compare to the two since you will just use a stick to strike the drum instead of using the hand.
Mallet style is the most common among American natives.
It is played by putting it in the ground with its head faced up.
You can then create a sound by striking it either with a cloth or animal hide mallet.
Frame drums have different terms in different countries.
In Galicia and Spain, they call it "pandeira" while a smaller one is called "pandeireta".
In India they call it Daf and in Turkey they call it Tef.
Armenian people call it Dap (without jingles) while in Azerbaijan they call it Ghavan.

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